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Rehab and Recovery from Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)

Updated:  May 14, 2020
(Two-thirds of COVID-19 patients admitted to ICU for respiratory support have met the criteria for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), JAMA March 11, 2020)
 Recovery and outcomes after the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in patients and their family caregivers (2016) ARDS largely affects the nerve, muscle, and central nervous system, but can also result in physical issues such as contractures and frozen joints.
 Long-Term Outcomes and Health Care Utilization after Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation (2016) Ontario study found that compared with patients not on prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV), fewer PMV survivors were discharged directly home. Remaining PMV survivors were discharged to in-patient rehabilitation, home with supportive care services and complex continuing care.
Long-term cognitive impairment after critical illness (2013) Cohort study found that regardless of age or pre-existing conditions, 12 months after critical illness, one of four ICU patients had cognitive impairment similar to mild Alzheimer's disease and one of three had impairment typically associated with moderate traumatic brain injury.
Safety and Feasibility of an Exercise Prescription Approach to Rehabilitation Across the Continuum of Care for Survivors of Critical Illness (2012) Survivors of critical illness can experience long-standing functional limitations that negatively affect quality of life. Rehab that begins in the ICU and continues through to an outpatient program is safe and feasible for survivors of critical illness.